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Tips & Tricks

6 posts in this topic

Militia Tips and Tricks

To help keep you alive and functioning in the field:

Use sterno to cook with instead of an open fire. If you need to cook at all. The aroma from cooked food (and fire) travels incredibly far compared with cold food. When people are hungry their sense of smell increases too.

If you are using MRE’s, eliminate the extra crap. All the cardboard, extra wrappers, spoons (you only need one) heaters (your not at the Ritz) and stuff. That will cut a lot of bulk and extra pounds.

Replace your 2 one quart canteens on your LBV with 1 two quart canteen. It is lighter (10 ounces I think) and when the air is crushed out it is 1000% quieter. If you feel you need a canteen cup throw it in your pack. If you don't have your pack you probably won't be cooking either. Trust me. You’re not going to dig a fighting position in hard soil with a canteen cup.

Drink the water from on your pack first. That way if you have to ditch your pack you still have water with you. It also lightens the load on your back.

Wear loose fitting clothes. Tight fitting clothes tear more easily. Tape the muzzle of your rifle to keep crud and water out. Or use condoms or colored (tactical) water balloons.

Last three rounds in your magazine should be tracers to alert you to a mag change. Replace the cartridge in the chamber of your weapon each morning "quietly". Condensation may cause a malfunction.

Oil the selector switch on your weapon daily and work the switch back and forth. This will prevent a stuck switch. Always carry a small vial/tube of oil for your weapon. Always carry your weapon on "safe".

Conduct a jump test before moving out. Jump in the air with your full combat load and tape (carry black electrical tape in your buttpack) what rattles or clangs.

There is nothing metal in the woods!

Never assume your weapon is clean enough. Clean your weapon daily! Never have more then two weapons broken down at a time. Less if you number less then 10 people.

Place magazines upside down to keep out water and crud with bullets pointing OUT to prevent a "lucky" shot from discharging your rounds.

Be sure all snaps and buckles are taped.

Tie a string or a lanyard to everything you don't want to loose or if taken under fire while using. i.e. compass, flashlight.

Place you battle dressing carrier upside down on your shoulder straps so you don't smack yourself in the face opening it.

When treating someone else use THEIR first aid equipment and not yours first. If they are evacuated off the field they are taking their bandages too. If you use yours and then you’re hit...

Always carry a knife of some sort (other then a "Rambo" knife).

Always carry a survival kit on YOU. Not in your pack or gear. I use my right BDU pocket and carry an M258A-1 decon container for crushproofness. Outside it is a "space blanket" secured with a length of 550 cord.

Carry smoke grenades (if at all) on your pack and not your web gear. You don't fight with smoke grenades and 99 out of a 100 times if you need one you'll have your pack too.

Camouflage your rifle and gear. Your enemy is smart enough to know that black M-16 isn't walking through the woods alone.

Use natural foliage to break up your outline. Do not take from your ambush sight but use the same foliage found in your ambush sight. Replace as it dies.

Use a poncho liner (or two) for sleeping instead of a heavy bulky sleeping bag.

Carry 550 cord to replace broken web gear/pack straps and for 1000 other things.

Use ziplocks or water proof bags inside your pack to keep things dry and help make you and your pack more buoyant.

Don't carry passes, I. D. cards, licenses, dog tags, name tapes, personalized lighters and rings etc. If the items are lost or your caught or killed they won't be going to you house to say hello.

Carry cough drops or medicine especially during rainy weather

Carry maps, notebooks etc in the same pockets for hasty removal if you become a casualty.

Always carry a cleaning kit.

Never take pictures of team members on patrol. If the enemy captures the camera they will have gained invaluable intelligence.

On patrol move and LISTEN. Move and LISTEN.

Be alert 100% of the time. You are not safe till you are back home.

Never break branches on trees or bushes. Don't kick rocks. You'll leave an easy trail for the enemy to follow.

Put insect repellent around the tops of your boots, on pants fly, belt, and cuffs to keep out insects and leeches.

Continually check your compass man to ensure he is on the right azimuth. Do not run a compass course on patrol. Change your direction regularly.

If followed by trackers, change direction of movement often and attempt to evade or ambush them. They make good POW's.

Change your socks and use foot powder! Never more then two people at a time and never take both boots off at once.

If your feet go so will you!

Avoid overconfidence, it leads to carelessness. Just because you have seen no sign of the enemy for 2 or 3 days does not mean he isn't there or hasn't seen you.

A large percentage of patrols have been compromised due to poor noise discipline.

If you have to talk to someone about the mission (leave the football game at home) cup your hands and whisper into his ear.

Camouflage faces, necks and hands in the morning, at noon and at the “remain overnight” or “ambush position”.

Never cook or build fires on patrol. No more then two people should eat chow at a time. The rest should be on security.

When a team stops, always check out 40-60 meters from the perimeter.

Carry a compass and learn how to use it.

Each man should observe the man in front of him and behind him and watch for hand signals.

Single out enemy leaders and officers. They will usually be identified by carrying pistols, binoculars, older and grayer, men looking to them for orders and saluting, near the radio operator.

When moving on a hill, walk on the military crest of the hill. That is just below the crest so you do not stand out and give yourself away.

Carry 'wash and dry' towelettes for quick clean up.

Rub inside of boot socks (side next to skin) with soap prior to road marches to prevent blisters.

Attach velco fasteners to underneath side of LBE harness to avoid slipping, scratching, or scraping the shoulder area (particularly useful for thin shoulders).

Apply vaseline on the bottom of feet before a road march to cut friction to prevent blisters. Also good for feet and between the toes before long runs.

On long road marches, carrying something in your mouth, such as gum, a small pebble, etc.

to prevent dry mouth

Use the buddy system to avoid both heat and cold injuries.

Teach one another to observe for signs of injury to each other

To aid in fire starting, light a sugar packet under kindling

To make the fire on kindling wood flare up, sprinkle MRE cream substitute on the flame embers

To keep matches dry in wet weather, paint wooden matches with fingernail polish or dip in warm wax

Mix MRE peanut butter with liquid mosquito repellent to make an expedient fuel for cooking

Use a small can for a stove by removing both ends and then punching air holes around the rims with a P-38 can opener. Fuel can be either heat tabs or cardboard or wax.

If the canteen cup is used for heating meals, soap the outside of the cup before placing on the fire. This will aid in the removal of soot and carbon deposits.

Utilizing empty No.10 cans, a small stove and frying pan can be constructed.

These items can be used several times before throwing them away

Cheese spread can be added to spaghetti, bean or meat entrees

Cream substitute and sugar can be added to hot chocolate to improve consistency and flavor.

Cream and sugar or hot chocolate can be mixed into a thin paste to make icing for cake or nut roll

To make fruit cobbler, add several packets of sugar, a couple packets of cream substitute, and two crushed crackers to hot fruit and stir.

To aid in applying camouflage, rub mosquito repellent on your face first

Tie a knot in the end of a boot lace to use in cleaning rifle bore.

Cleaning patches can be used by threading onto the lace

Two sticks can be stuck into the ground and boots slipped over them at night to keep out insects and small animals

If using a sleeping bag without a tent, set up bag under low hanging vegetation to prevent dew and condensation from forming on your bag

When crossing streams, observe first for activity, then send out man across to check area. Then cross the rest of the patrol, with each man taking water as he crosses. If in a danger area, have all personnel cross before taking water. Treat all trails (old and new), streams, and open area as danger areas.

During rest halts don't take off your pack or leave your weapon alone. During long breaks, such as noon chow, don't take your packs off until your perimeter has been checked for at least 40-60 meters out for 360 degrees. During breaks throw nothing on the ground. Either put your trash in your pocket or spray it with CS and bury it.

While on patrol, don't take the obvious course of action and don't set a pattern in your activities, such as always turning to the left when "button hooking to ambush your own back trail.

A dead enemy's shirt and contents in pockets, plus pack, if he has one, are normally more valuable than his weapon

Practice proper RON (remain overnight) procedures when your team is training, even if you are on the rifle range. Take advantage of all training opportunities.

Select a tentative site for your RON, from your map, at least 2 hours in advance

After passing a suitable RON site "fish hook" and move into your selected position so that you can observe your own back trail

Packs should not be taken off until after dark

When deploying the team for RON, place the point man in a position opposite the most likely avenue to approach to lead the team out in case of emergency

Do not send radio transmissions from your RON site unless they are necessary.

Be prepared to move if you send radio transmissions

Prior to dark, the team leader should tell each man the primary and alternate rally points

One half of the team should have their compass set to the primary rally point and the other half to the alternate.

If the enemy comes from the direction of the primary rally point, the man with the azimuth of the alternate rally point set on his compass can lead the team out

A buddy system should be established in case casualties are taken at night.

Each man will take care of another man and his equipment if one is wounded, injured or killed

The pack or daypack can be used as a pillow, however, ensure that the carrying straps are in the "up" position for easy insertion of the arms in case of rapid withdrawal

Know what your next days plans are before settling down for the night

All team members should be awake, alert and ready to move, prior to first light

Another check of the perimeter should be made 40-60 meters for 360 degrees prior to moving out of the RON

Never eat chow or smoke cigarettes from your RON position.

The odor of food and tobacco gives your position away

Be alert when leaving your RON.

If seen, you will probably be attacked or ambushed within 300 meters

Do not always move into RON or take chow at the same times everyday.

If the enemy has seen you, he will take note and plan an ambush for you

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Definatley interesting! I'm saving this.

It has some really good tips aswell, such as the contents of an enemies' pockets, is usually more valuable than the weapons he carries.

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